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Typical Monocot & Dicot Roots, 400X
Monocot root has xylem and phloem in an alternating manner. Moreover, it has got fibrous roots. Xylem and phloem are numerous in number in a monocot root. The vessels of xylem are rounded or oval. Conjunctive tissue in a monocot root is mostly sclerenchymatous, sometimes it could be parenchymatous as well. Dicot root has has xylem in the shape of ‘X’ which is surrounded by phloem. Moreover, it has got tap roots. In a dicot root, the number of xylem and phloem is constant. Vessels of xylem are angular or polygonal in shape, when we cut it in transverse section. Conjunctive tissue in a dicot root is parenchymatous, which forms vascular cambium.